Chlorhexidine is used in Disinfectants, Cosmetics and Pharmaceutical products. It is also used in more than 60 different pharmaceutical products and medical devices.
HAND AND SKIN DISINFECTANTS
The primary requirement for healthcare washing is the ability to remove debris and transient microorganisms.
Chlorhexidine products meet the demanding requirements of surgery, skin preparation, healthcare and procedural handwash to reduce hospital required diseases.
Chlorhexidine Digluconate 20% sol. is the salt used for these applications, being the typical range of concentration most commonly used 0.5 to 4%.
Clinical studies have shown the short-term effectiveness of Chlorhexidine in plaque control and gingivitis associated to plaque, healing after periodontal and oral surgery, before periodontal surgery to prevent post-surgery bacteremia, treatment of mouth ulcers, treatment of proteic stomatitis and oral infections.
Chlorhexidine Digluconate 20% sol. is the salt most commonly used to manufacture products such as mouthwashes, toothpastes, oral rinses, gels and sprays.
The typical range of concentration for these applications is 0.12 – 0.20%.
Chlorhexidine Diacetate and Chlorhexidine Dihydrochloride are also used in some special cases.
In the cosmetic field, Chlorhexidine is used as a preservative, not as a disinfectant.
Chlorhexidine Dihydrochloride also has applications especially in the cosmetic field for ointments, creams and shampoos.
Chlorhexidine is mainly used for the treatment of mastitis in cows. The Chlorhexidine-based products are suitable to destroy a wide range of microorganisms, including the pathogenic bacteria, which cause mastitis (i.e. Streptococcus Agalactiae, E. Coli, Staphylococcus Aureus).
Chlorhexidine is also available in many pet products such as shampoos and pet treats. It is also used as a disinfectant to sterilize surgical equipment.
Typical products manufactured using Chlorhexidine are teat creams, dips and wipes. Other applications of Chlorhexidine in dairy hygiene are the healing of superficial cuts, abrasions or insect stings, and the general dairy hygiene.
The typical products manufactured using Chlorhexidine Digluconate 20% sol. are aqueous solutions ready to use or concentrated solutions. Chlorhexidine Digluconate 20% sol. is the most commonly used salt of Chlorhexidine for all these applications. However, Chlorhexidine Diacetate is widely used for this application in certain geographical areas.
Chlorhexidine products are used in a large number of other applications such as treatment of wounds and burns, gynaecology and obstetrics, sterilization and cleaning of surfaces and equipment.
These products contain typically Chlorhexidine Digluconate 20% solution.
Chlorhexidine Dihydrochloride is also used to manufacture soar throat tablets.
Chlorhexidine Diacetate is used for general disinfection (equipment, surfaces and textiles) and to manufacture antacid tablets.